An enterprise architecture approach to ESG


Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) problems are a very hot subject in boardrooms these days. 

It is no surprise. Earth-altering stories on the state of climate improve are sent with alarming regularity. Diversity and social inclusion misalignment, along with lax environmental values, are accelerating ‘the excellent resignation’. And receiving the firm’s reaction erroneous to these problems can have harmful effects on a brand’s image and track record. 

In numerous respects, addressing ESG troubles is a no-brainer for organisations. There is a collective social require for a more eco-friendly and socially sustainable technique to economic enhancement. Introducing to that presently significant intention, there is a growing physique of evidence recognising the position performed by ESG values in driving employee price propositions, economic efficiency, prosperity, sustainability and in attracting expense.1,2,3

Transforming an organisation to deliver on ESG aims, somewhat than set-and-fail to remember or ‘greenwashing’ them,* nonetheless, calls for an efficient and efficient strategy, not to mention strategic nous and the ability to execute. A tried out and examined methodology that can aid execute ESG targets and convey their execution straight to the CIO’s door is enterprise architecture.

Company architecture for ESG

The phrase ‘enterprise architecture’ or ‘EA’ refers to a set of frameworks, methodologies and resources that can help an organisation map their business strategy to their processes, details belongings, ICT devices and technologies.4 Its worth lies in its potential to present vital organisational insights, guaranteeing coherence amongst business goals and the supporting business features and technological innovation products and services wanted to attain them. 

By comprehension the underlying factors of a business – their inter-relationships, worth-chains, alignment and capabilities –  company architecture discovers and identifies misalignment among objectives, techniques and technique, and is a terrific starting up place for implementing business strategy by means of digital transformation.5

This suggests that company architecture frameworks are effectively placed to assist organisations in assessing their recent ESG posture, informing the prioritisation of digitally-enabled or evaluated ESG initiatives, and establishing the tactical roadmap to attain an ESG vision.

Additionally, tested and confirmed EA methodologies and procedures will assist mitigate connected threats that result from methods that deficiency the maturity necessary to make sure alignment to organisational imperatives.

How to get started off

Regardless of whether you want to fulfill Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions targets or make sure honest trade sourcing in offer chains,  there will very likely be necessary improvements to various features of your business processes, supporting data devices, folks and/or know-how. 

To succeed on this transformation journey, an enterprise architecture tactic gives an array of resources. For case in point, heatmaps (charts that visualise which business features, software techniques, or engineering elements are associated with a distinct functionality evaluate) can assist in picking out priority spots to tackle whilst value chain mapping can deliver insight into the ESG impact of decisions relating to source chains.  

To start out, get to actually know your existing condition by viewing your ESG goals by the numerous EA layers, or lenses, and then use this perception to map out what you will need to do to reach your ideal long term point out.


  • Business – Regardless of whether it’s organisational HR guidelines, a marketing approach or your procurement community, numerous organisational processes and functions need to have to be assessed for their means to fulfill ESG plans. Get procurement for example, how do your suppliers’ ESG profiles in shape with your ESG objectives? Do you require to redesign your supply chain?  Should really you evaluate your local community and social affect when adopting a new business design?


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  • Info units – Will your details methods guidance the earlier mentioned business system modifications? A crucial factor of attaining any ESG intention will be the details that your business is amassing and making. Your methods and goals will dictate the details you require to measure and take care of, but at the identical time, the knowledge you presently have (or don’t have) can notify the goals set in the first location. For illustration, do you have data on your recycling tactics, the emissions becoming manufactured by your offer partners or the share of reasonable-trade sourcing in your provide chains? Can you assess the environmental footprint of your transportation fleet?  And do you have the devices to capture and/or develop this knowledge?


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  • Technological know-how – Your organisation’s computing electrical power, storage and telecommunications need to be capable to aid the above information units and business abilities. Are the systems at present in area satisfactory to operate the new methods you will need? Mapping your technological innovation infrastructure will also support right establish certain ESG ICT plans such as transitioning to minimal carbon footprint knowledge centres, optimising the use of your infrastructure, or reimagining the attainable knowledge and pc processing tradeoffs that get you to your lessen-emissions target.


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EA frameworks enable organisations to go from eyesight to implementation throughout all organisational degrees and areas, and then to circle again for constant refinements and enhancements. A business with experienced business architecture methods will also be better placed to answer to the evolving ESG landscape.

From alignment to transformation

Usually, and specially when seemed at through a holistic organization architecture tactic, attaining or reporting on certain ESG plans (or seizing on progressive new alternatives that ESG brings about) will not be attainable by isolated tech alterations, but in reality, need a extra holistic electronic transformation. (You might have presently gone through this in your COVID-19 pandemic reaction, but did you factor ESG in when you did?)

An EA-supported ESG evaluation will give an exact perspective of the fees and benefits of an organisation’s in general IT portfolio. Architecture lenses will then support to make the decisions important for ESG-associated electronic investment decision and/or transformation.

For case in point, the superior strength footprint of business IT units is getting an raising concentrate of ESG issue.6,7 As a consequence, organisations are experience considerable strain to shift to ‘clean-IT,’ optimising the trade-off between strength intake and computational general performance, and incorporating algorithmic and computational efficiencies in IT options and layouts. 

Assembly ESG potential states will probably need digitalisation and rising technologies these types of as IoT, digital twins, large information, and AI. Many applications are by now out there in the industry to guidance sustainability administration and ESG reporting, which includes PwC’s ESG Pulse. There’s also escalating recognition within just the business planet of the importance of integrating ESG into business useful resource planning (ERP) systems as compliance and reporting specifications develop.8  

Preventing code crimson

Organisations have to have to embrace ESG for their extensive-term prosperity. But to just take benefit of ESG alternatives and certainly make a variation (not to point out complying with foreseeable future reporting and regulation needs)9 organisations will need to embed ESG ambitions into their business, knowledge and technology. 

EA gives very well-established and verified techniques/frameworks to help strategic and aligned ESG transformations. The strategy can be instrumental to cascading an ESG vision in the course of the organisation, making sure it is strategically embedded.

With an evolving ESG landscape, organisations need to be capable to reply and adapt to shifting demands with agility and self esteem. A mature company architecture technique can be the differentiating enabler to competitive edge – and to making certain your organisation helps reach a additional sustainable society.


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